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J Appl Oral Sci. 2014 Jun;22(3):228-34.

Frictional resistance of self-ligating versus conventional brackets in different bracket-archwire-angle combinations.

Author information

1
Department of Orthodontics, Fluminense Federal University, RJ, Brazil.
2
Department of Statistics, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, RJ, Brazil.
3
Materials Science Department, Military Engineering Institute, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
4
Department of Orthodontics, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, RJ, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the influence of archwire material (NiTi, beta-Ti and stainless steel) and brackets design (self-ligating and conventional) on the frictional force resistance.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Two types of brackets (self-ligating brackets - Smartclip, 3M/Unitek - and conventional brackets - Gemini, 3M/Unitek) with three (0, 5, and 10 degrees) slot angulation attached with elastomeric ligatures (TP Orthodontics) were tested. All brackets were tested with archwire 0.019"x0.025" nickel-titanium, beta-titanium, and stainless steel (Unitek/3M). The mechanical testing was performed with a universal testing machine eMIC DL 10000 (eMIC Co, Brazil). The wires were pulled from the bracket slots at a cross-head speed of 3 mm/min until 2 mm displacement.

RESULTS:

Self-ligating brackets produced significantly lower friction values compared with those of conventional brackets. Frictional force resistance values were directly proportional to the increase in the bracket/ wire angulation. With regard to conventional brackets, stainless steel wires had the lowest friction force values, followed by nickel-titanium and beta-titanium ones. With regard to self-ligating brackets, the nickel-titanium wires had the lowest friction values, significantly lower than those of other materials.

CONCLUSION:

even at different angulations, the self-ligating brackets showed significantly lower friction force values than the conventional brackets. Combined with nickel-titanium wires, the self-ligating brackets exhibit much lower friction, possibly due to the contact between nickel-titanium clips and wires of the same material.

PMID:
25025564
PMCID:
PMC4072274
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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