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Nervenarzt. 2014 Aug;85(8):955-64. doi: 10.1007/s00115-014-4039-1.

[New aspects in the field of epilepsy].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Epilepsiezentrum Hessen-Marburg, Klinik für Neurologie, UKGM und Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Deutschland, rosenow@med.uni-marburg.de.

Abstract

Regarding epilepsy several new developments can be reported. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) has suggested a new definition of epilepsy, for the first time including a definition of epilepsy resolution. Progress in the diagnosis relates to new genetic findings, improvements in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the increasing use of stereo electroencephalograms (sEEG). Regarding treatment there are new clinically relevant data on the pathophysiology and prevention of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Zonisamide has been approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for monotherapy in adults with focal seizures and combination therapy in children aged ≥ 6 years. Retigabin and perampanel have been approved but are currently taken off the market in Germany (only) because the Gemeinsamer Bundesausschuss (GBA, Joint Federal Committee) did not find any additional therapeutic value as compared to lamotrigine due to a lack of data. A decision regarding a new application for perampanel is pending. Regarding surgical treatment novel ablation techniques (e.g. stereotactic radiofrequency and laser ablation as well as focussed ultrasound ablation) and brain stimulation paradigms are under investigation. Experimental studies, generously supported by the European Union (EU) and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) are focusing on (opto-)genetic (e.g. using lentoviral transfection), epigenetic (e.g. micro-RNA-related) approaches and on the investigation of neuronal micronetworks.

PMID:
25022893
DOI:
10.1007/s00115-014-4039-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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