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J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Dec;45(12):4026-38. doi: 10.1007/s10803-014-2183-x.

Personality Pathology of Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder Without Accompanying Intellectual Impairment in Comparison to Adults With Personality Disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Charité University Medical School Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Eschenallee 3, 14050, Berlin, Germany. sandra.strunz@charite.de.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Charité University Medical School Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Eschenallee 3, 14050, Berlin, Germany.
3
Cluster of Excellence Languages of Emotion, Freie Universität Berlin, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, 14195, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

Differentiating autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) without accompanying intellectual impairment from personality disorders is often challenging. Identifying personality traits and personality pathology specific to ASD might facilitate diagnostic procedure. We recruited a sample of 59 adults with ASD without accompanying intellectual impairment, 62 individuals with narcissistic personality disorder, 80 individuals with borderline personality disorder, and 106 nonclinical controls. Personality traits, measured with the neo-personality inventory-revised (NEO-PI-R), and personality pathology, measured with the dimensional assessment of personality pathology (DAPP-BQ), were assessed. Personality traits and personality pathology specific to ASD could be identified. ASD individuals scored significantly lower on the NEO-PI-R scales extraversion and openness to experience and significantly higher on the DAPP-BQ scales inhibitedness and compulsivity relative to all other groups. Diagnostic implications are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Asperger syndrome; Autism spectrum disorder; Borderline personality disorder; Narcissistic personality disorder; Personality traits

PMID:
25022250
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-014-2183-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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