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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014 Jul 11;11(7):7022-35. doi: 10.3390/ijerph110707022.

Tobacco smoking status and perception of health among a sample of Jordanian students.

Author information

1
Department of Community and Mental Health, Faculty of Nursing, Hashemite University, P.O. Box 150459, Zarqa 13115, Jordan. sukaina-alzyoud@hu.edu.jo.
2
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan. kkheiral@gmail.com.
3
College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. weglickils@mail.nih.gov.
4
Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA. kdward@memphis.edu.
5
Department of Community and Mental Health, Faculty of Nursing, Hashemite University, P.O. Box 150459, Zarqa 13115, Jordan.
6
Department of Legal Medicine, Toxicology and Forensic science, School of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST), P.O. Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan. ashotar@just.edu.jo.

Abstract

Limited data are available from Jordan examining patterns of tobacco use among adolescents, or how use is related to health perceptions. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use and to assess the relationship between use and health-related perceptions. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of 11-18 year old school students from a major governorate in Jordan. Using a multistage random sampling 1050 students were selected. Students were categorized as non-smokers, cigarette-only smokers, waterpipe-only smokers, or dual smokers. Rates of waterpipe-only and cigarette-only smoking were 7% and 3%, respectively, and were similar for boys and girls. In contrast, the rate of dual use was much higher than for single product use and was double in girls compared to boys (34% vs. 17%). Dual-smokers were significantly more likely to think that it is safe to smoke as long as the person intends to quit within two years compared to non-smokers, and had lower self-rated health status than other groups. This is the first study among Arab adolescents to document high rates of dual tobacco use, especially pronounced among girls. The study findings have significant implications for designing tobacco smoking prevention programs for school health settings.

PMID:
25019264
PMCID:
PMC4113858
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph110707022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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