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Public Health Nutr. 2015 Apr;18(5):774-83. doi: 10.1017/S1368980014001219. Epub 2014 Jul 14.

Family sociodemographic characteristics as correlates of children's breakfast habits and weight status in eight European countries. The ENERGY (EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth) project.

Author information

1
1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics,Harokopio University,70 El Venizelou Avenue,17671 Kallithea,Athens,Greece.
2
2Department of Public Health,Ghent University,Ghent,Belgium.
3
3Department of Public Health,Sport and Nutrition,University of Agder,Kristiansand,Norway.
4
4Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research,VU University Medical Center,Amsterdam,The Netherlands.
5
5Slovenian Heart Foundation,Ljubljana,Slovenia.
6
6Swiss Federal Institute of Sport,Magglingen,Switzerland.
7
7Department of Paediatrics,University of Pecs,Pecs,Hungary.
8
8GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group,EU Ciencias de la Salud,Universidad de Zaragoza,Zaragoza,Spain.
9
9Department of Public and Occupational Health and EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research,VU University Medical Center,Amsterdam,The Netherlands.
10
10Department of Movement and Sport Sciences,Ghent University,Ghent,Belgium.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the associations of family sociodemographic characteristics with children's weight status and whether these potential associations are mediated by children's breakfast habits.

DESIGN:

A school-based survey among 10-12-year-old children was conducted in eight European countries. Children's weight and height were measured and breakfast habits and family sociodemographic characteristics were self-reported by 5444 children and their parents. International Obesity Task Force cut-off points were used to categorize children as overweight/obese or normal weight. Mediation analyses were used to test the potential mediating effect of children's breakfast consumption on the associations between family sociodemographic characteristics and children's overweight/obesity.

SETTING:

Schools in eight European countries participating in the ENERGY (EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth) project.

SUBJECTS:

Children aged 10-12 years and their parents (n 5444).

RESULTS:

Children's reported daily breakfast consumption varied from 56 % in Slovenia to 92 % in Spain on weekdays and from 79 % in Greece to 93 % in Norway on weekends. Children of native parents, with both parents employed and with at least one parent having more than 14 years of education were more likely to consume breakfast daily and less likely to be overweight/obese. Finally, mediation analyses revealed that the association of parental nationality and parental educational status with children's overweight/obesity was partially mediated by children's daily breakfast consumption.

CONCLUSIONS:

The study shows that the lower likelihood of being overweight/obese among 10-12-year-old children of native background and higher parental educational status was partially mediated by children's daily breakfast consumption.

KEYWORDS:

Mediation analysis

PMID:
25017807
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980014001219
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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