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J Pediatr Psychol. 2014 Oct;39(9):1028-37. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsu052. Epub 2014 Jul 12.

Changes in parent motivation predicts changes in body mass index z-score (zBMI) and dietary intake among preschoolers enrolled in a family-based obesity intervention.

Author information

1
Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA jason.vanallen@ttu.edu.
2
Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine whether changes in parent motivation over the course of a pediatric obesity intervention are significantly associated with long-term changes in treatment outcomes. 

METHODS:

 Study hypotheses were tested with a secondary data analysis of a randomized controlled trial (N = 42). Study analyses tested whether baseline to posttreatment change in total score for a self-report parent motivation measure (Parent Motivation Inventory [PMI]) was significantly associated with baseline to 6-month follow-up changes in body mass index z-score (zBMI), dietary variables, and physical activity. 

RESULTS:

 Increases in PMI were significantly associated with decreased zBMI, decreased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets, and increased consumption of artificially sweetened beverages. 

CONCLUSIONS:

 Given that increases in parent motivation were associated with some treatment benefits, future research should evaluate the impact of directly assessing and targeting parent motivation on weight outcomes for preschoolers participating in a weight management program.

KEYWORDS:

diet; parent motivation; pediatric obesity; preschool obesity

PMID:
25016604
PMCID:
PMC4166700
DOI:
10.1093/jpepsy/jsu052
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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