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J Phys Ther Sci. 2014 Jun;26(6):937-9. doi: 10.1589/jpts.26.937. Epub 2014 Jun 30.

Comparison of Upper Trapezius, Anterior Deltoid, and Serratus Anterior Muscle Activity during Push-up plus Exercise on Slings and a Stable Surface.

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Department of Physical Therapy, Baekseok University, Republic of Korea.
Hanyang University Medical Center, Republic of Korea.


[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify effects of push-up plus exercise on different support surfaces on upper extremity muscular activity. [Subjects] The subjects were 28 students (10 males, 18 females) at B University. [Methods] The subjects performed push-up plus exercises either on slings or on a fixed support. [Results] Push-up plus exercises on slings showed significant increases in the muscle activity of the trapezius (upper fiber), deltoid (anterior fiber), and serratus anterior muscles compared with stabilization exercises on a fixed support. [Conclusion] Based on these results, it is considered that performance of the push-up plus exercise on slings will increase scapular muscle activity.


Muscle activity; Push-up plus exercise; Sling

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