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Int J STD AIDS. 2015 Jun;26(7):462-6. doi: 10.1177/0956462414543120. Epub 2014 Jul 10.

Should we screen heterosexuals for extra-genital chlamydial and gonococcal infections?

Author information

1
Manchester Centre for Sexual Health, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK anna.garner@rothgen.nhs.uk.
2
Manchester Centre for Sexual Health, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.

Abstract

Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) are two of the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted infections in the UK. Although the high burden of extra-genital infections with GC and CT in men who have sex with men has been well established, a significant number of extra-genital site infections with CT and GC could similarly be present in heterosexual women. For this reason we started to routinely offer extra-genital site testing for GC and CT in all patients attending our sexual health clinic who reported having had receptive anal sex and/or giving oral sex. This followed a review of current evidence by the clinical team and a change in local testing policy. This study not only confirmed a large reservoir of extra-genital infection amongst men who have sex with men, but also demonstrates that a comparable reservoir of extra-genital infection is present amongst heterosexual women. Our study adds to the mounting evidence that extra-genital site testing in heterosexual women should occur when oral or anal sexual activity is reported.

KEYWORDS:

Heterosexual; chlamydia; extra-genital infection; gonorrhoea; pharyngeal; rectal; screening; sexually transmitted infection; throat; women

PMID:
25013220
DOI:
10.1177/0956462414543120
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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