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Clin Cancer Res. 2014 Sep 15;20(18):4962-70. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-0353. Epub 2014 Jul 10.

Excess of proximal microsatellite-stable colorectal cancer in African Americans from a multiethnic study.

Author information

1
University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
2
John H Stroger, Jr Hospital, Chicago, Illinois.
3
Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.
4
University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
5
University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. xavier.llor@yale.edu naellis@email.arizona.edu.
6
University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Jesse Brown VA Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois. xavier.llor@yale.edu naellis@email.arizona.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

African Americans (AA) have the highest incidence of colorectal cancer compared with other U.S. populations and more proximal colorectal cancers. The objective is to elucidate the basis of these cancer disparities.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Of note, 566 AA and 328 non-Hispanic White (NHW) colorectal cancers were ascertained in five Chicago hospitals. Clinical and exposure data were collected. Microsatellite instability (MSI) and BRAF (V600E) and KRAS mutations were tested. Statistical significance of categorical variables was tested by the Fisher exact test or logistic regression and age by the Mann-Whitney U test.

RESULTS:

Over a 10-year period, the median age at diagnosis significantly decreased for both AAs (68-61; P < 0.01) and NHWs (64.5- 62; P = 0.04); more AA patients were diagnosed before age 50 than NHWs (22% vs. 15%; P = 0.01). AAs had more proximal colorectal cancer than NHWs (49.5% vs. 33.7%; P < 0.01), but overall frequencies of MSI, BRAF and KRAS mutations were not different nor were they different by location in the colon. Proximal colorectal cancers often presented with lymphocytic infiltrate (P < 0.01) and were diagnosed at older ages (P = 0.02). Smoking, drinking, and obesity were less common in this group, but results were not statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with colorectal cancer have gotten progressively younger. The excess of colorectal cancer in AAs predominantly consists of more proximal, microsatellite stable tumors, commonly presenting lymphocytic infiltrate and less often associated with toxic exposures or a higher BMI. Younger AAs had more distal colorectal cancers than older ones. These data suggest two different mechanisms driving younger age and proximal location of colorectal cancers in AAs.

PMID:
25013126
PMCID:
PMC4167473
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-0353
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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