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Int J Radiat Biol. 2014 Nov;90(11):1114-8. doi: 10.3109/09553002.2014.943850.

A recycling model of the biokinetics of systemic tellurium.

Author information

1
BfS Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz/Federal Office for Radiation Protection, Department of Radiation and Health , Oberschleißheim , Germany.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To develop a compartmental model of the systemic biokinetics of tellurium required for calculating the internal dose and interpreting bioassay measurements after incorporation of radioactive tellurium.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The compartmental model for tellurium was developed with the software SAAM II v. 2.0 (©The Epsilon Group, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA). Model parameters were determined on the basis of published retention and excretion data in humans and animals.

RESULTS:

The model consists of two blood compartments, one compartment each for liver, kidneys, thyroid, four compartments for bone tissues and a generic compartment for the soft tissues. The model predicts a rapid urinary excretion of systemic tellurium: 45% in the first 24 h and 84% after 50 d. Faecal excretion amounts to 0.4% after 3 d and 9% after 50 d. Whole body retention is 55% after one day, and 2.8% after 100 d. These values as well as the retained fractions in the single organs are reasonably consistent with the available human and animal data (studies with swine and guinea pigs).

CONCLUSIONS:

The proposed model gives a realistic description of the available biokinetic data for tellurium and will be adopted by the International Commission on Radiological Protection for applications in internal dosimetry.

KEYWORDS:

Tellurium; compartmental models; internal dosimetry; systemic biokinetics

PMID:
25012782
DOI:
10.3109/09553002.2014.943850
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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