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Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2015 Feb;13(1):44-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clgc.2014.06.005. Epub 2014 Jun 8.

Neoadjuvant taxane-based combination chemotherapy in patients with advanced penile cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Medical Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Biometrics, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
4
Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
5
Department of Urology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: s.horenblas@nki.nl.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:

Neoadjuvant taxane-based combination chemotherapy has shown promising results in unresectable squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck area, and the penis. Our primary aim was to assess the objective response in penile cancer patients neoadjuvantly treated with taxane-based combination chemotherapy. Secondary outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and toxicity.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Twenty-six patients were treated within the framework of a nonrandomized institutional registration study with 4 courses of TPF (docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil) for advanced penile cancer between 2008 and 2012. Response was measured using computed tomography (CT) and/or fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours 1.1 criteria and European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer recommendations, respectively. Toxicity, PFS, and DSS were analyzed using either the Common Toxicity Criteria of Adverse Events version 4.0 or the Kaplan-Meier methods. To analyze possible association with survival, univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses were performed for tumor differentiation, N-category, recurrent disease, tumor margins, and administration of radiotherapy.

RESULTS:

During a median follow-up of 30 months, an imaging-based response was obtained in 60% (95% confidence interval [CI], 39%-79%) (15/25) of patients. However, pathologic complete response was observed in 1 of 25 evaluable patients (4%; 95% CI, 0%-20%). Toxicity was considerable with registered toxicity in every patient. The 2-year PFS and DSS probability were 12% and 28%, respectively. Patients responsive to chemotherapy had significantly better survival than nonresponsive patients.

CONCLUSION:

Despite a fairly good response percentage, TPF chemotherapy was poorly tolerated with disappointing survival rates. Therefore, other treatment options should be considered.

KEYWORDS:

Carcinoma of the penis; Locally advanced; Neoadjuvant treatment; Prognosis; Squamous cell carcinoma

PMID:
25009098
DOI:
10.1016/j.clgc.2014.06.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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