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Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2014 Jul-Aug;32(4 Suppl 84):S54-7. Epub 2014 Jul 8.

Tocilizumab in uveitis refractory to other biologic drugs: a study of 3 cases and a literature review.

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1
Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, IFIMAV, Santander, Spain. fiorelfa@hotmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the clinical response to Tocilizumab (TCZ) in three patients with non-infectious uveitis refractory to anti-TNF-α drugs.

METHODS:

Assessment of TCZ-treated patients with immune-mediated uveitis from two Spanish medical referral centers. Uveitis had been refractory to previous standard synthetic immunosuppressive drugs and at least one TNF-α inhibitor. A literature review of patients with immune-mediated uveitis treated with TCZ therapy was also conducted.

RESULTS:

3 women (5 eyes) with uveitis refractory to conventional immunosuppressive therapy and at least one anti-TNF-α drug were treated with TCZ. The mean age of the patients was 48.6±16.1 (range 37-67) years. In two cases uveitis was bilateral and in the other unilateral. The underlying diseases were rheumatoid arthritis in one case and Behçet's disease in the other two cases. After a mean follow-up of 7.3±5.7 (range 1-12) months using TCZ therapy, all patients experienced ocular improvement. Also, in 3 eyes inactive intraocular inflammation was achieved. None of the patients had side effects during the period of treatment with this drug. A literature review disclosed that our observations are in keeping with other reports that showed good response to TCZ in 11 of 12 patients with immune-mediated uveitis refractory to other biologic agents.

CONCLUSIONS:

TCZ appears to be an effective and safe therapy for the management of patients with uveitis refractory to other biologic drugs.

PMID:
25005576
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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