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Surg Endosc. 2014 Nov;28(11):3200-9. doi: 10.1007/s00464-014-3589-4. Epub 2014 Jul 9.

Conversion in endometrial cancer patients scheduled for laparoscopic staging: a large multicenter analysis: conversions and endometrial cancer.

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Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, IRCCS - Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, Viale Risorgimento 80, 42123, Reggio Emilia, Italy,



Data on patients with endometrial cancer converted to laparotomy are totally lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate surgical and oncological outcomes in patients with endometrial cancer scheduled for laparoscopic staging but converted to laparotomy.


Data of consecutive patients who had undergone surgery for staging endometrial cancer in seven Italian centers were reviewed. Patients' characteristics and surgical and oncological data were noted and analyzed according to surgery, i.e. laparotomy, laparoscopy, and laparoscopy converted to laparotomy.


Seventy-one out of 512 (13.9 %) patients scheduled to laparoscopy were converted to laparotomy for reasons related to anesthesiology [38/71 (53.5 %)] or surgery [33/71 (46.5 %)]. The conversion rate varied among stages [41/460 (8.9 %), 13/27 (48.1 %), 17/25 (68.0 %) in patients with stage I, II, and endometrial cancers, respectively]. Significant (P < 0.05) differences among groups were detected in patients' age, body mass index and previous pelvic surgery, and in the distribution of stages and histotype of endometrial cancers. The Kaplan-Meier procedure showed that the cumulative probability of first recurrence (P = 0.089, 0.590 and 0.084 for stage I, II and III, respectively) and of death (P = 0.108, 0.567 and 0.372 for stage I, II and III, respectively) categorized by stages did not attain statistical significance by log-rank testing after correction for confounding factors.


The surgical and oncological outcomes of converted patients are no different from those of patients staged successfully with laparoscopy or with laparotomy. The conversion to laparotomy should be not considered per se a complication.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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