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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2014 Aug 15;160(3-4):192-200. doi: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2014.05.003. Epub 2014 May 16.

Prostaglandin E₂ down-regulates the expression of CD25 on bovine T cells, and this effect is mediated through the EP4 receptor.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego Street 13, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland. Electronic address: tomasz.maslanka@uwm.edu.pl.
2
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego Street 13, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland.

Abstract

A crucial event in the initiation of an immune response is the activation of T cells, which requires IL-2 binding to its high-affinity IL-2 receptor for optimal signaling. The IL-2 receptor α-chain (CD25) is needed for the high affinity binding of IL-2 to effector cells and is potently induced after T cell activation. The aim of this research has been to determine whether prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) affects the CD25 expression on bovine T cells, and if it does, then which of the PGE2 receptor (EP) subtype(s) mediate(s) this effect. Herein, we report that exposure of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to PGE2 considerably reduces the percentage and absolute counts of CD25(+)CD4(+), CD25(+)CD8(+) and CD25(+)WC1(+) T cells, significantly increases the value of these parameters with respect of CD25(-)CD4(+), CD25(-)CD8(+) and CD25(-)WC1(+) T cells, and does not affect counts of the total populations of CD4(+), CD8(+) and WC1(+) T cells. These results indicate that PGE2 down-regulates the CD25 expression on bovine T cells. Moreover, we show that the selective blockade of EP4 receptor, but not EP1 and EP3 receptors, prevents this effect. Interestingly, the exposure of PBMC to a selective EP2 receptor agonist leads to a substantial increase in the percentage and absolute number of CD25(+)CD4(+), CD25(+)CD8(+) and CD25(+)WC1(+) T cells. In conclusions, the PGE2-induced down-regulation of CD25 expression on bovine CD4(+), CD8(+) and WC1(+) T cells should be considered as immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory action, because these lymphocytes primarily represent effector cells and adequate CD25 expression is essential for their correct functioning. The PGE2-mediated down-regulation of the CD25 expression on bovine T cells is mediated via the EP4 receptor, although selective activation of the EP2 receptor up-regulates the CD25 expression on these cells. Thus, with respect to the effect of PGE2 on the CD25 expression on bovine T cells, EP4 receptor serves as an inhibitory receptor, whereas EP2 receptor functions as a stimulatory receptor. The fact that non-selective stimulation of EP receptors, i.e. triggered by PGE2, leads to weaker CD25 expression proves that inhibitory actions prevail over stimulatory ones. These results indicate the possibility of pharmacological manipulation of the CD25 expression on T cells via selective antagonists and agonists of EP2 and EP4 receptors.

KEYWORDS:

Bovine; CD25; EP receptor; IL-2; PGE(2); T cells

PMID:
25001909
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetimm.2014.05.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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