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Hypertension. 2014 Oct;64(4):852-9. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.114.03848. Epub 2014 Jul 7.

Vasopressin in preeclampsia: a novel very early human pregnancy biomarker and clinically relevant mouse model.

Author information

1
From the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology (M.K.S., D.A.S., S.M.S., K.K.L., S.K.H.), Pharmacology (J.Y.M., J.A.S., N.A.P., J.L.G.), Biostatistics (G.K.D.Z.), and Pathology (K.N.G.-C.), The François M. Abboud Cardiovascular Research Center (M.K.S., J.L.G.), The Obesity Research and Education Initiative (M.K.S., J.L.G.), The Fraternal Order of Eagles' Diabetes Research Center (J.L.G.), and The Center for Hypertension Research (M.K.S., J.L.G.). University of Iowa, Iowa City. mark-santillan@uiowa.edu justin-grobe@uiowa.edu.
2
From the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology (M.K.S., D.A.S., S.M.S., K.K.L., S.K.H.), Pharmacology (J.Y.M., J.A.S., N.A.P., J.L.G.), Biostatistics (G.K.D.Z.), and Pathology (K.N.G.-C.), The François M. Abboud Cardiovascular Research Center (M.K.S., J.L.G.), The Obesity Research and Education Initiative (M.K.S., J.L.G.), The Fraternal Order of Eagles' Diabetes Research Center (J.L.G.), and The Center for Hypertension Research (M.K.S., J.L.G.). University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Abstract

Preeclampsia, a cardiovascular disorder of late pregnancy, is characterized as a low-renin hypertensive state relative to normotensive pregnancy. Because other nonpregnant low-renin hypertensive disorders often exhibit and are occasionally dependent on elevated arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion, we hypothesized a possible use for plasma AVP measurements in the prediction of preeclampsia. Copeptin is an inert prosegment of AVP that is secreted in a 1:1 molar ratio and exhibits a substantially longer biological half-life compared with AVP, rendering it a clinically useful biomarker of AVP secretion. Copeptin was measured throughout pregnancy in maternal plasma from preeclamptic and control women. Maternal plasma copeptin was significantly higher throughout preeclamptic pregnancies versus control pregnancies. While controlling for clinically significant confounders (age, body mass index, chronic essential hypertension, twin gestation, diabetes mellitus, and history of preeclampsia) using multivariate regression, the association of higher copeptin concentration and the development of preeclampsia remained significant. Receiver operating characteristic analyses reveal that as early as the sixth week of gestation, elevated maternal plasma copeptin concentration is a highly significant predictor of preeclampsia throughout pregnancy. Finally, chronic infusion of AVP during pregnancy (24 ng per hour) is sufficient to phenocopy preeclampsia in C57BL/6J mice, causing pregnancy-specific hypertension, renal glomerular endotheliosis, proteinuria, and intrauterine growth restriction. These data implicate AVP release as a novel predictive biomarker for preeclampsia very early in pregnancy, identify chronic AVP infusion as a novel and clinically relevant model of preeclampsia in mice, and are consistent with a potential causative role for AVP in preeclampsia in humans.

KEYWORDS:

antidiuretic hormone; models, animal; preeclampsia

PMID:
25001273
PMCID:
PMC4162750
DOI:
10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.114.03848
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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