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Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 Dec 10;133:773-7. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2014.06.060. Epub 2014 Jun 17.

Cyanide detection using a benzimidazole derivative in aqueous media.

Author information

1
College of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070, PR China.
2
College of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070, PR China. Electronic address: hujinghan62@163.com.

Abstract

A novel cyanide selective fluorescent chemosensor S1 based on benzimidazole group and naphthalene group as the fluorescence signal group had been designed and synthesized. The receptor could instantly detect CN(-) anion over other anions such as F(-), Cl(-), Br(-), I(-), AcO(-), H2PO4(-), HSO4(-), SCN(-) and ClO4(-) by fluorescence spectroscopy changes in aqueous solution (H2O/DMSO, 8:2, v/v) with specific selectivity and high sensitivity. The fluorescence color of the solution containing sensor S1 induced a remarkable color change from pale blue to mazarine only after the addition of CN(-) in aqueous solution while other anions did not cause obvious color change. Moreover, further study demonstrates the detection limit on fluorescence response of the sensor to CN(-) is down to 8.8×10(-8)M, which is far lower than the WHO guideline of 1.9×10(-6)M. Test strips based on S1 were fabricated, which could act as a convenient and efficient CN(-) test kit to detect CN(-) in pure water for "in-the-field" measurement. Thus, the probe should be potential applications in an aqueous environment for the monitoring of cyanide.

KEYWORDS:

Benzimidazole; Cyanide; Fluorescence; Sensors

PMID:
24998684
DOI:
10.1016/j.saa.2014.06.060
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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