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J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2014 Oct;24(5):675-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2014.05.009. Epub 2014 Jun 12.

Electromyographic analysis of the serratus anterior and trapezius muscles during push-ups on stable and unstable bases in subjects with scapular dyskinesis.

Author information

1
School of Physical Education, University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.
2
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pernambuco, Petrolina, Brazil.
3
School of Physical Education, University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil; Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pernambuco, Petrolina, Brazil. Electronic address: rodrigo.cappato@upe.br.

Abstract

The present study was performed to assess the electromyographic activity of the scapular muscles during push-ups on a stable and unstable surface, in subjects with scapular dyskinesis. Muscle activation (upper trapezius [UT]; lower trapezius [LT]; upper serratus anterior [SA_5th]; lower serratus anterior [SA_7th]) and ratios (UT/LT; UT/SA_5th; UT/ SA_7th) levels were determined by surface EMG in 30 asymptomatic men with scapular dyskinesis, during push-up performed on a stable and unstable surface. Multivariate analysis of variance with repeated measures was used for statistical analyses. The unstable surface caused a decrease in the EMG activity of the serratus anterior and an increase in EMG activity of the trapezius (p=0.001). UT/SA_5th and UT/ SA_7th ratios were higher during unstable push-ups (p=0.001). The results suggest that, in individuals with scapular dyskinesis, there is increased EMG activity of the trapezius and decreased EMG activity of the serratus anterior in response to an unstable surface. These results suggest that the performance of the push up exercise on an unstable surface may be more favorable to produce higher levels of trapezius activation and lower levels of serratus anterior activation. However, if the goal of the exercise program is the strengthening of the SA muscle, it is suggested to perform the push up on a stable surface.

KEYWORDS:

Electromyography; Exercise therapy; Serratus anterior; Trapezius

PMID:
24997890
DOI:
10.1016/j.jelekin.2014.05.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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