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Stem Cell Rev. 2014 Dec;10(6):772-85. doi: 10.1007/s12015-014-9539-7.

Olfactory ensheathing cells promote differentiation of neural stem cells and robust neurite extension.

Author information

1
Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA, rsethi1@partners.org.

Abstract

AIMS:

The goal of this study was to gain insight into the signaling between olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) and neural stem cells (NSCs). We sought to understand the impact of OECs on NSC differentiation and neurite extension and to begin to elucidate the factors involved in these interactions to provide new targets for therapeutic interventions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We utilized lines of OECs that have been extremely well characterized in vitro and in vivo along with well studied NSCs in gels to determine the impact of the coculture in three dimensions. To further elucidate the signaling, we used conditioned media from the OECs as well as fractioned components on NSCs to determine the molecular weight range of the soluble factors that was most responsible for the NSC behavior.

RESULTS:

We found that the coculture of NSCs and OECs led to robust NSC differentiation and extremely long neural processes not usually seen with NSCs in three dimensional gels in vitro. Through culture of NSCs with fractioned OEC media, we determined that molecules larger than 30 kDa have the greatest impact on the NSC behavior.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall, our findings suggest that cocultures of NSCs and OECs may be a novel combination therapy for neural injuries including spinal cord injury (SCI). Furthermore, we have identified a class of molecules which plays a substantial role in the behavior that provides new targets for investigating pharmacological therapies.

PMID:
24996386
PMCID:
PMC4238386
DOI:
10.1007/s12015-014-9539-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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