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J Sex Med. 2014 Sep;11(9):2318-26. doi: 10.1111/jsm.12624. Epub 2014 Jul 4.

Prevalence and predicting factors for commonly neglected sexual side effects to radical prostatectomies: results from a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Altered perception of orgasm, orgasm-associated pain, penile sensory changes, urinary incontinence (UI) during sexual activity, penile shortening (PS), and penile deformity following radical prostatectomy (RP) have received increasing attention from researchers.

AIM:

The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence and predictors of the above-mentioned side effects.

METHODS:

This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study among men who had undergone RP between 3 and 36 months prior to study inclusion. Predicting factors were identified through logistic regression analyses.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The primary outcome measures were prevalence rates of the above-mentioned side effects.

RESULTS:

Overall, 316 questionnaires were available for analyses. Of the sexually active patients (n = 256), 12 (5%) reported anorgasmia, whereas 153 (60%) reported decreased orgasm intensity. Delayed orgasms were reported by 146 (57%). Twenty-three patients (10%) had experienced pain during orgasm. UI during sexual activity were reported by 99 patients (38%). Out of the whole population, 77 patients (25%) reported sensory changes in the penis. A total of 143 patients (47%) reported a subjective loss of penile length of >1 cm. An altered curvature of the penis was reported by 30 patients (10%). Patients had increasing risk of UI during sexual activity (odds ratio [OR] 1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.10-1.25) and orgasmic dysfunction (OR 1.09; 95% CI 1.01-1.16) with increasing International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire scores. Erectile dysfunction (OR 1.81; 95% CI 1.07-3.10) and a high body mass index (OR 1.10; 95% CI 1.02-1.19) increased the risk of PS after RP. Nerve-sparing (OR 0.32; 95% CI 0.16-0.95) reduced the risk of PS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Orgasm-associated problems, UI during sexual activity, penile sensory changes, PS, and penile deformity are common side effects to RP. Daytime UI, erectile dysfunction, and nerve-sparing status can help identify patients at risk.

KEYWORDS:

Climacturia; Orgasm-Associated Pain; Orgasmic Dysfunction; Penile Shortening; Radical Prostatectomy; Sexual Dysfunction; Side Effects; Urinary Incontinence

PMID:
24995845
DOI:
10.1111/jsm.12624
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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