Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Infant Behav Dev. 2014 Nov;37(4):480-90. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2014.06.006. Epub 2014 Jul 2.

Infant emotion regulation: relations to bedtime emotional availability, attachment security, and temperament.

Author information

1
Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, United States. Electronic address: bkim317@psu.edu.
2
Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, United States.

Abstract

The present study examines the influences of mothers' emotional availability toward their infants during bedtime, infant attachment security, and interactions between bedtime parenting and attachment with infant temperamental negative affectivity, on infants' emotion regulation strategy use at 12 and 18 months. Infants' emotion regulation strategies were assessed during a frustration task that required infants to regulate their emotions in the absence of parental support. Whereas emotional availability was not directly related to infants' emotion regulation strategies, infant attachment security had direct relations with infants' orienting toward the environment and tension reduction behaviors. Both maternal emotional availability and security of the mother-infant attachment relationship interacted with infant temperamental negative affectivity to predict two strategies that were less adaptive in regulating frustration.

KEYWORDS:

Attachment security; Emotion regulation; Infant temperament; Maternal emotional availability

PMID:
24995668
PMCID:
PMC4262588
DOI:
10.1016/j.infbeh.2014.06.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center