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Sci Total Environ. 2014 Sep 15;493:656-61. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.06.051. Epub 2014 Jul 1.

Early warning signs of endocrine disruption in adult fish from the ingestion of polyethylene with and without sorbed chemical pollutants from the marine environment.

Author information

1
Aquatic Health Program, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: cmrochman@ucdavis.edu.
2
Aquatic Health Program, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Abstract

Plastic debris is associated with several chemical pollutants known to disrupt the functioning of the endocrine system. To determine if the exposure to plastic debris and associated chemicals promotes endocrine-disrupting effects in fish, we conducted a chronic two-month dietary exposure using Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) and environmentally relevant concentrations of microplastic (<1mm) and associated chemicals. We exposed fish to three treatments: a no-plastic (i.e. negative control), virgin-plastic (i.e. virgin polyethylene pre-production pellets) and marine-plastic treatment (i.e. polyethylene pellets deployed in San Diego Bay, CA for 3 months). Altered gene expression was observed in male fish exposed to the marine-plastic treatment, whereas altered gene expression was observed in female fish exposed to both the marine- and virgin-plastic treatment. Significant down-regulation of choriogenin (Chg H) gene expression was observed in males and significant down-regulation of vitellogenin (Vtg I), Chg H and the estrogen receptor (ERĪ±) gene expression was observed in females. In addition, histological observation revealed abnormal proliferation of germ cells in one male fish from the marine-plastic treatment. Overall, our study suggests that the ingestion of plastic debris at environmentally relevant concentrations may alter endocrine system function in adult fish and warrants further research.

KEYWORDS:

Endocrine disruption; Gene expression; Germ cells; Japanese medaka; Plastic debris

PMID:
24995635
DOI:
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.06.051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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