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J Nucl Med. 2014 Aug;55(8):1267-72. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.114.137232. Epub 2014 Jul 3.

PET/CT with 18F-FDG-labeled autologous leukocytes for the diagnosis of infected fluid collections in acute pancreatitis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India anishpgi@yahoo.co.in.
  • 2Department of Gastroenterology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
  • 3Department of Nuclear Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
  • 4Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India; and.
  • 5Department of Radiodiagnosis, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Abstract

Early detection of infection in acute pancreatitis (AP) affects the choice of treatment and clinical outcome. We used PET/CT with (18)F-FDG-labeled autologous leukocytes to detect infection in pancreatic or peripancreatic fluid collections in patients with AP.

METHODS:

Forty-one patients (28 men and 13 women) who were 21-69 y old (mean ± SD, 41 ± 11.5) and had AP and radiologic evidence of a fluid collection in or around the pancreas were studied. Leukocytes were separated from the patient's venous blood, labeled with (18)F-FDG, and reinjected intravenously; PET/CT images were acquired 2 h later. A final diagnosis of infection was based on microbiologic culture of fluid aspirated from the collection. Patients were treated with supportive care and antibiotics; percutaneous drainage or laparotomy was performed when indicated.

RESULTS:

Blood glucose level, total leukocyte count, neutrophil count, and leukocyte labeling efficiency varied from 83 to 212 mg/100 mL (118 ± 30), 4,600 to 24,200/mm(3) (11,648 ± 5,376), 55% to 90% (73 ± 10), and 31% to 97% (81 ± 17), respectively. Increased tracer uptake in the fluid collection was seen in 12 of 41 patients; 10 had culture-proven infection and underwent percutaneous drainage, and aspiration was unsuccessful in 2. The scan results were negative for infection in 29 patients; 25 had fluid culture results that were negative for infection, and aspiration was unsuccessful in 4. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the scan were all 100% in 35 patients for whom fluid culture reports were available.

CONCLUSION:

PET/CT with (18)F-FDG-labeled leukocytes is a noninvasive and reliable method for the diagnosis of infection in pancreatic or peripancreatic fluid collections in patients with AP.

© 2014 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

18F-FDG; PET/CT; acute pancreatitis; infection; labeled leukocytes

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