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J Atten Disord. 2016 Jan;20(1):11-20. doi: 10.1177/1087054714539997. Epub 2014 Jul 3.

Persistence of Parent-Reported ADHD Symptoms From Childhood Through Adolescence in a Community Sample.

Author information

1
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA vzt4@cdc.gov.
2
University of Florida College of Medicine-Jacksonville, FL, USA.
3
University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.
4
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
5
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine ADHD symptom persistence and factors associated with elevated symptom counts in a diverse, longitudinal community-based sample.

METHOD:

Parents reported demographics and completed a diagnostic interview repeatedly over a 6-year period. At Time 1, 481 interviews were completed about children (5-13 years); all participants were invited to four annual follow-up interviews, and 379 (79%) completed at least one. Inattentive (IA) and hyperactive-impulsive (HI) symptom counts were modeled with logistic quantile regression, while accounting for study design complexities.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of seven IA symptoms remained stable from early childhood through late adolescence. The prevalence of eight HI symptoms decreased by more than half over time. After demographic adjustment, the upper quartile of HI symptom counts decreased with age (p < .01). High HI symptom counts persisted more among those with high IA symptom counts (p = .05).

CONCLUSION:

This study further characterizes and provides insights into ADHD symptom trajectory through adolescence.

KEYWORDS:

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; development; persistence

PMID:
24994874
PMCID:
PMC4474771
DOI:
10.1177/1087054714539997
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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