Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars). 2014;74(2):158-71.

Cutaneous afferent regulation of motor function.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Neuroscience, rob.brownstone@dal.ca.

Abstract

Motor systems must be responsive to the environment in which the organism moves. Accordingly, there are many sensory systems that affect intrinsic motor programs. In this mini review, we will discuss the effects that inputs from cutaneous low-threshold mechanoreceptors have on motor function, focusing on locomotion and hand grasp. A mathematical analysis of grip strength is provided to quantify the regulation of the forces required in maintaining the grip of a moving object. These two behaviours were selected because the neural control of locomotion has been primarily studied for hind-limbs in cats and rodents, whereas hand grasp has been primarily studied in fore-limbs in human and non-human primates. When taken together, insight can be gleaned on the cutaneous regulation of movement as well as the role these afferents may play in mediating functional recovery following injury. We conclude that low-threshold mechanoreceptors are critical for normal motor function and for inducing plasticity in motor microcircuits following injury.

PMID:
24993626
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology and Polish Neuroscience Society
Loading ...
Support Center