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Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2014 Oct;53(11):1047-54. doi: 10.1177/0009922814540989. Epub 2014 Jul 2.

Opportunities to reduce children's excessive consumption of calories from beverages.

Author information

1
Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA.
2
Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA St Louis Children's Hospital, St Louis, MO, USA.
3
Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA jgarbutt@dom.wustl.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe children's consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and 100% fruit juice (FJ), and identify factors that may reduce excessive consumption.

DESIGN:

A total of 830 parents of young children completed a 36-item questionnaire at the pediatricians' office.

RESULTS:

Children consumed soda (62.2%), other SSBs (61.6%), and FJ (88.2%): 26.9% exceeded the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommended daily FJ intake. 157 (18.9%) children consumed excessive calories (>200 kcal/d) from beverages (median = 292.2 kcal/d, range 203.8-2177.0 kcal/d). Risk factors for excessive calorie consumption from beverages were exceeding recommendations for FJ (odds ratio [OR] = 119.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 52.2-274.7), being 7 to 12 years old (OR = 4.3, 95%CI = 1.9-9.9), and having Medicaid insurance (OR = 2.6, 95%CI = 1.1-6.0). Parents would likely reduce beverage consumption if recommended by the physician (65.6%).

CONCLUSIONS:

About 1 in 5 children consumes excessive calories from soda, other SSBs and FJ, with FJ the major contributor.

KEYWORDS:

fruit juice; intervention strategies; obesity; practice-based research network; sugar-sweetened beverages

PMID:
24990366
PMCID:
PMC4157093
DOI:
10.1177/0009922814540989
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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