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[Age-related characteristics of inhalant abuse in adolescents with conduct disorders].

[Article in Russian]

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Sankt-Peterburgskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ pediatricheskiĭ meditsinskiĭ universitet, Sankt-Peterburg.


Objective. The aim of the study was to determine the relation between inhalant abuse and conduct disorders in adolescents. Material and methods. Authors studied 95 adolescents with ICD-10 diagnoses conduct disorders (F91.1, 91.2), "Mental and behavioral disorders due to use of inhalant abuse. Harmful use" (F18.1) and "Inhalant drug dependence" (F18.2). "The Nisonger Child Behavior Rating Form" ("NCBRF, TIQ version") and "Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis (ADAD)" ("EvroADAD" version) were used. Two teenager groups were investigated: the younger (mean age 14.35±0.844 years) one and the older (mean age 16.30±0.464 years) ones. Clinical manifestations of inhalant intoxication and symptoms of addiction were described. Using cluster analysis, the relation of clinical manifestations of conduct disorder with symptoms of inhalant addiction and its consequences were calculated. Results and conclusion. In the younger group, no significant statistical relationships were found. In the older group, 3 cluster were detected: 1) the variables that characterized the relationship of inhalant abuse with typical behavioral patterns such as delinquency, school and social maladjustment; 2) the variables that characterized the transformation of the inhalant use to alcohol use which was associated with hyperkinetic conduct disorder; 3) the variables that characterize a pronounced health and psychological consequences of the inhalant use.

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