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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Jun;39(6):1569-74.

Combined value of susceptibility-weighted and perfusion-weighted imaging in assessing who grade for brain astrocytomas.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, First Clinical Medical College, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the value of combining susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) and dynamic susceptibility weighted contrast-enhanced (DSC) perfusion-weighted MRI (PWI) in assessing World Health Organization (WHO)grade for brain astrocytoma .

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 94 patients with pathologically confirmed astrocytomas underwent SWI and DSC scans. The evaluation included intratumoral susceptibility signal intensity (ITSS) and relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) max. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to assess the efficacy of combining two sequences in astrocytoma grading.

RESULTS:

ITSS within astrocytomas showed significant correlations with rCBV max (r ¼ 0.72; P < 0.01) and with tumor grades (r ¼ 0.92; P < 0.01), and there was also a significant correlation between rCBV and tumor grade (r= 0.77; P < 0.001). The area under the ROC, SWI, PWI,SWI, and PWI, in differentiation of the grades II and III astrocytomas were 0.995, 0.942, and 1.000, respectively;identifying grades III and IV were 0.773, 0.919, and 0.978, respectively; and identifying high and low-grade astrocytomas were 0.999, 0.992, 1.000, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

ITSS was useful for assessing the WHO tumor grade in this cohort of patients with astrocytoma.The combination of SWI and PWI may improve the diagnostic accuracy of astrocytoma grading.

PMID:
24987755
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.24312
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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