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Mil Med. 1989 Jun;154(6):326-9.

The Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT): a review of the literature.


This paper examines the literature on the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) as a measure of aerobic capacity and muscular strength/endurance. The APFT consists of a two-mile run, push-ups, and sit-ups. The two-mile run is a measure of aerobic fitness because this test is highly correlated with maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Muscular strength and absolute muscular endurance are highly correlated, justifying the use of a single measurement for both. Studies using factor analysis showed that push-ups and sit-ups have moderate to high factor loadings on various muscular strength/endurance factors. However, there are methodological problems in relating these studies to the APFT.

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