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J Orthod Sci. 2012 Apr;1(2):46-50. doi: 10.4103/2278-0203.99762.

Current trends in miniscrew utilization among Indian orthodontists.

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Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Priyadarshini Dental College and Hospital, Thiruvallur Taluk, Pandur, Tamil Nadu, India.
Department of Community Dentistry, Priyadarshini Dental College and Hospital, Thiruvallur Taluk, Pandur, Tamil Nadu, India.
Private Practice of Dentistry, India.



There is limited data about current utilization of miniscrews in orthodontic practices in India. The purpose of this survey was to obtain information on clinical utilization of miniscrews among orthodontists in India.


A survey questionnaire was prepared and mailed to 2100 qualified and registered orthodontists in India.


A total of 1691 orthodontists responded to the survey, with a response rate of 80.52%. Among them, 952 (56.3%) had never used miniscrews in their clinical practice. Seven hundred and thirty-nine (739) (43.7%) had utilized miniscrews in their treatment, at some point of time. Among the orthodontists who used miniscrews, 463 (62.65%) used a surgical guide for positioning the miniscrews and 276 (37.35%) placed miniscrews without a surgical guide. Six hundred and thirty-four (634) (85.79%) orthodontists placed the miniscrews personally while 105 (14.21%) utilized the help of other specialists for placing the miniscrews. Among the orthodontists who used miniscrews, 76 (10.28%) utilized the help of oral surgeon to place the miniscrews while 29 (3.93%) utilized the help of periodontists to do the procedure.


Miniscrews are a useful addition to the orthodontic armamentarium. The major indication for miniscrew was indirect anchorage in critical anchorage cases. The most important factors in determining the clinical utilization of miniscrews as a part of the treatment modality depends upon operator training and skill; fear of complications, patient refusal to accept miniscrews and the clinician's preference for conventional methods without unnecessary invasive procedure.


Indirect anchorage; miniscrews; molar intrusion; orthodontists

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