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Nutrition. 2014 Jul-Aug;30(7-8):755-63. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2013.11.020. Epub 2013 Dec 5.

Effects of coffee on type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Author information

1
Institute of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Biochemical Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China; College of Pharmacy, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
2
Institute of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Biochemical Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
3
Institute of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Biochemical Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address: Chenshuqing@zju.edu.cn.

Abstract

This review provides the epidemiologic and research evidences documenting the effects of coffee consumption on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We summarize the literature concerning the effects of coffee consumption on different mechanistic factors involving in pathogenesis of T2DM, such as glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, insulin resistance, glucose-6-phosphatase, intestinal glucose absorption, antioxidant activity, inflammatory biomarkers, nuclear factor-κB inhibition, glucose uptake, glucose homeostasis, glucose metabolism, and insulin secretion. These factors play a crucial role in influencing the normal levels of glucose in blood. Overall, the experimental and epidemiologic evidences presented here elucidate the protective effects of coffee consumption on T2DM, involving multiple preventive mechanisms. Despite the firm evidences available through a growing literature base, it is still uncertain whether the use of coffee should be recommended to patients with diabetes and/or any patient who might be at the risk of T2DM as a supplementary therapy to prevent further progression of T2DM.

KEYWORDS:

Chlorogenic acid; Coffee consumption; Diabetes mellitus; Glucose homeostasis; Inflammatory biomarkers; Insulin sensitivity

PMID:
24984989
DOI:
10.1016/j.nut.2013.11.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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