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Comparative analysis of physicochemical and immunochemical properties of the two major allergens from Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and the corresponding allergens from Dermatophagoides farinae.

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1
Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, National Sagamihara Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.

Abstract

Two major allergens, DP1 (Der p I) and DP2 (Der p II), were isolated from the whole culture extract of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, and the physicochemical and immunochemical properties of these allergens were compared with those of the corresponding allergens from Dermatophagoides farinae, DF1 (Der fI) and DF2 (Der fII). On sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing and amino acid analysis, both DP1 and DP2 were demonstrated to have close physicochemical similarity with DF1 and DF2, respectively. On immunodiffusion with the use of rabbit antisera, the two Der I allergens showed the reaction of typical partial identity, while the two Der II allergens showed the reaction of almost complete identity. Radioallergosorbent test (RAST) and RAST absorption experiments with the use of sera from mite-allergic patients showed that human IgE antibody response to the Der I allergens was directed against both cross-reactive and species-specific determinants. In contrast, IgE antibodies to the Der II allergens were demonstrated to react almost completely to cross-reactive determinants.

PMID:
2498214
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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