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Nanoscale. 2014 Aug 7;6(15):9177-84. doi: 10.1039/c4nr01400f.

Platinum nanoparticles on electrospun titania nanofibers as hydrogen sensing materials working at room temperature.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Rome Sapiens, P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185 Rome, Italy.


Platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs), with diameters of 3-10 nm, were synthesized by water phase reduction, using 3-mercapto-1-propanesulfonate (3MPS) as a hydrophilic capping agent. PtNPs were deposited by a dipcoating technique on titania nanofibers (TiO2NFs), obtained by electrospinning. The investigated properties of the Pt-TiO2 hybrid at room temperature show that this material combines the properties of photoconduction of titania and the photocatalytic activity of the hybrid. To assess the best performance of Pt-TiO2, different measurements were performed at room temperature, comparing hydrogen response under UV of the uncoated TiO2NFs, compared with the Pt-TiO2 system prepared with two different amounts of PtNPs. During the sensing tests toward hydrogen an enhancement of photoconductivity (150%), an increase in response (400%) and an overall improvement of their dynamic behaviour were observed.


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