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Infect Immun. 2014 Sep;82(9):3867-79. doi: 10.1128/IAI.01769-14. Epub 2014 Jun 30.

Two functional type VI secretion systems in avian pathogenic Escherichia coli are involved in different pathogenic pathways.

Author information

1
College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China Key Lab of Animal Bacteriology, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing, China.
2
College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China Key Lab of Animal Bacteriology, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing, China yaohch@njau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Type VI secretion systems (T6SSs) are involved in the pathogenicity of several Gram-negative bacteria. The VgrG protein, a core component and effector of T6SS, has been demonstrated to perform diverse functions. The N-terminal domain of VgrG protein is a homologue of tail fiber protein gp27 of phage T4, which performs a receptor binding function and determines the host specificity. Based on sequence analysis, we found that two putative T6SS loci exist in the genome of the avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strain TW-XM. To assess the contribution of these two T6SSs to TW-XM pathogenesis, the crucial clpV clusters of these two T6SS loci and their vgrG genes were deleted to generate a series of mutants. Consequently, T6SS1-associated mutants presented diminished adherence to and invasion of several host cell lines cultured in vitro, decreased pathogenicity in duck and mouse infection models in vivo, and decreased biofilm formation and bacterial competitive advantage. In contrast, T6SS2-associated mutants presented a significant decrease only in the adherence to and invasion of mouse brain microvascular endothelial cell (BMEC) line bEnd.3 and brain tissue of the duck infection model. These results suggested that T6SS1 was involved in the proliferation of APEC in systemic infection, whereas VgrG-T6SS2 was responsible only for cerebral infection. Further study demonstrated that VgrG-T6SS2 was able to bind to the surface of bEnd.3 cells, whereas it did not bind to DF-1 (chicken embryo fibroblast) cells, which further proved the interaction of VgrG-T6SS2 with the surface of BMECs.

PMID:
24980972
PMCID:
PMC4187841
DOI:
10.1128/IAI.01769-14
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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