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ScientificWorldJournal. 2014;2014:920985. doi: 10.1155/2014/920985. Epub 2014 Apr 3.

A topological framework for interactive queries on 3D models in the Web.

Author information

1
Centro de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental (CIMA), Portugal ; Instituto Superior de Engenharia, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal.
2
Centro de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental (CIMA), Portugal.
3
Centro de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental (CIMA), Portugal ; Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal.

Abstract

Several technologies exist to create 3D content for the web. With X3D, WebGL, and X3DOM, it is possible to visualize and interact with 3D models in a web browser. Frequently, three-dimensional objects are stored using the X3D file format for the web. However, there is no explicit topological information, which makes it difficult to design fast algorithms for applications that require adjacency and incidence data. This paper presents a new open source toolkit TopTri (Topological model for Triangle meshes) for Web3D servers that builds the topological model for triangular meshes of manifold or nonmanifold models. Web3D client applications using this toolkit make queries to the web server to get adjacent and incidence information of vertices, edges, and faces. This paper shows the application of the topological information to get minimal local points and iso-lines in a 3D mesh in a web browser. As an application, we present also the interactive identification of stalactites in a cave chamber in a 3D web browser. Several tests show that even for large triangular meshes with millions of triangles, the adjacency and incidence information is returned in real time making the presented toolkit appropriate for interactive Web3D applications.

PMID:
24977236
PMCID:
PMC3997994
DOI:
10.1155/2014/920985
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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