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Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 May;49(5):832-9.

Blood lipids, lipoproteins, apoproteins, and uric acid in men fed diets containing fructose or high-amylose cornstarch.

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Carbohydrate Nutrition Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, MD 20705.


Ten hyperinsulinemic and 11 nonhyperinsulinemic men consumed for 5 wk each in a cross-over design a diet, similar to one currently consumed in the United States, with 20% of the kilocalories from either fructose or high-amylose cornstarch to determine the effects of the two diets on various blood metabolites considered to be risk factors associated with heart disease. In the hyperinsulinemic men the intake of fructose as compared with cornstarch significantly increased total triglycerides and their lipoprotein distribution; total and very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; apoproteins B-100, C-II, C-III; and uric acid. In the nonhyperinsulinemic men total triglycerides, total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and uric acid were significantly greater after the consumption of fructose than after cornstarch. The results indicate that in a diet high in saturated fatty acids and cholesterol, fructose increases the levels of risk factors associated with heart disease, especially in hyperinsulinemic men.

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