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Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2014 Jul;23(3):465-86. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2014.02.001.

Quantitative EEG neurofeedback for the treatment of pediatric attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorders, learning disorders, and epilepsy.

Author information

School of Professional Psychology, Wright State University, 053 Student Union, Dayton, OH 45435, USA. Electronic address:
Department of Psychiatry, Nisonger Center, The Ohio State University, 1581 Dodd Drive, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
School of Professional Psychology, 130 Northwood's Boulevard, Suite B, Columbus, OH 43235, USA.


Neurofeedback (NF) using surface electroencephalographic signals has been used to treat various child psychiatric disorders by providing patients with video/audio information about their brain's electrical activity in real-time. Research data are reviewed and clinical recommendations are made regarding NF treatment of youth with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism, learning disorders, and epilepsy. Most NF studies are limited by methodological issues, such as failure to use or test the validity of a full-blind or sham NF. The safety of NF treatment has not been thoroughly investigated in youth or adults, although clinical experience suggests reasonable safety.


ADHD; Autism spectrum disorders; EEG biofeedback; Epilepsy; Learning disorders; Neurofeedback; Neurotherapy; Quantitative EEG

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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