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Plant Cell Physiol. 2014 Sep;55(9):1623-35. doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcu093. Epub 2014 Jun 27.

Cold response in Phalaenopsis aphrodite and characterization of PaCBF1 and PaICE1.

Author information

1
Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology and Department of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, No. 101, Sec. 2, Kuang Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan, Republic of China.
2
Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology and Department of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, No. 101, Sec. 2, Kuang Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan, Republic of China tylin@life.nthu.edu.tw.

Abstract

Phalaenopsis is a winter-blooming orchid genus commonly cultivated in tropical Asian countries. Because orchids are one of the most economically important flower crops in Taiwan, it is crucial to understand their response to cold and other abiotic stresses. The present study focused on gene regulation of P. aphrodite in response to abiotic stress, mainly cold. Our results demonstrate that P. aphrodite is sensitive to low temperatures, especially in its reproductive stage. We found that after exposure to 4°C, plants in the vegetative stage maintained better membrane integrity and photosynthetic capacity than in the flowering stage. At the molecular level, C-repeat binding factor1 (PaCBF1) and its putative target gene dehydrin1 (PaDHN1) mRNAs were induced by cold, whereas inducer of CBF expression1 (PaICE1) mRNA was constitutively expressed. PaICE1 transactivated MYC motifs in the PaCBF1 promoter, indicating that up-regulation of PaCBF1 may be mediated by the binding of PaICE1 to MYC motifs. Overexpression of PaCBF1 in transgenic Arabidopsis induced AtCOR6.6 and RD29a without cold stimulus and maintained better membrane integrity after cold stress. Herein, we present evidence that cold induction of PaCBF1 transcripts in P. aphrodite may be transactivated by PaICE1 and consequently protect plants from cold damage through up-regulation of cold-regulated (COR) genes, such as DHN. To our knowledge, this study is the first report of the isolation and characterization of CBF, DHN and ICE genes in the Orchidaceae family.

KEYWORDS:

C-repeat binding factor (CBF); Cold stress; Dehydrin (DHN); Inducer of CBF expression (ICE); MYC motif; Phalaenopsis aphrodite

PMID:
24974386
DOI:
10.1093/pcp/pcu093
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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