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Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2014 Sep;12(3):272-8. doi: 10.1007/s11914-014-0227-y.

The epidemiology of fractures in otherwise healthy children.

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Musculoskeletal Research Unit, University of Bristol, Southmead Hospital, Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, BS10 5NB, UK,


Fractures in otherwise healthy children are important because they are common, impact on daily activity, and may identify those who may have an increased fracture risk as adults. This review covers the descriptive epidemiology of fractures in healthy children (aged 0-16) and provides an overview of what is known about the child-related determinants of fractures, dividing associations into those that are potentially modifiable and those that are not. Maternal-related influences during pregnancy have not been covered, nor have determinants related to the injury such as trauma level, landing surface, injury type, the physical environment, or societal impacts. Age, gender, low bone mass, and exposure to injury are the child-related determinants of fractures with the highest quality research showing a convincing association.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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