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Int J Surg Case Rep. 2014;5(8):455-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2014.05.011. Epub 2014 Jun 4.

The first leg video endoscopic groin lymphadenectomy in vulvar cancer: A case report.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: naldini.angelica@gmail.com.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The current management of vulvar cancer depends on the extension of disease, and includes primary tumor resection with safety margin as well as inguinofemoral lymph node staging. We report the case of the first leg videoendoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy performed in a woman with a squamous cell vulvar carcinoma.

PRESENTATION OF CASE:

A 74 years old female referred to our institution complaining of vulvar mass associated with bleeding and swelling from external genitals, vaginal burning sensation and dysuria for 5 months. A vulvar-vaginal examination under narcosis reported a right major labium lesion of 5cm with an irregular and ulcerated surface, easily bleeding on palpation, involving anteriorly the clitoral region and with a histological finding of a poorly differentiated squamous cell invasive carcinoma of the vulva ulcerating the surface epithelium. We performed, after adequate informed consent, a radical vulvectomy with a standard right inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy and a contralateral simultaneous video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy-Leg procedure.

DISCUSSION:

Our minimally invasive VEIL-Leg approach, performed for the first time in literature in a woman with vulvar cancer, could reduce the presence of high risk factors represented by surgical incision and by procedure-related complications, including wound infection and breakdown, hematoma, cellulitis and hernia formation.

CONCLUSION:

A multicenter prospective randomized study will be helpful to clarify how this procedure could replace the standard laparotomic approach to inguinal lymphadenectomy in the vulvar cancer treatment and staging.

KEYWORDS:

VEIL; Video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy; Vulvar cancer; Vulvectomy

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