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J Reprod Med. 1989 Apr;34(4):277-81.

Effects of previous ovarian surgery on the follicular response to ovulation induction in an in vitro fertilization program.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115.


This study examined the effects of previous ovarian surgery on the clinical response to ovulation induction with clomiphene citrate-human menopausal gonadotropin in an in vitro fertilization program. Patients were divided into five clinical groups: group A (n = 63), no previous ovarian surgery; B (n = 9), unilateral cystectomy; C (n = 6), unilateral oophorectomy with no contralateral ovarian surgery; D (n = 7), bilateral ovarian surgery with both ovaries present; and E (n = 4), unilateral oophorectomy and contralateral cystectomy. Patients in group E demonstrated significantly lower serum estradiol on cycle days 9-11 (P less than or equal to .05) and fewer follicles on cycle days 11-12 (P less than or equal to .05) than did patients in groups A-D. The percentage of cancelled cycles increased with increasing amounts of ovarian surgery (P less than or equal to .03). The study suggests that one cause of a poor response to ovulation induction for in vitro fertilization may be prior extensive ovarian surgery.

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