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J Am Acad Dermatol. 1989 Apr;20(4):617-29.

Characterization of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and HLA-DR expression in normal and inflamed skin: modulation by recombinant gamma interferon and tumor necrosis factor.

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Department of Dermatology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor.


Lymphocytes bind to cultured keratinocytes that are treated with interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). When the lymphocytes are preincubated with antibody to lymphocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), this adherence is inhibited. Because intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a ligand for LFA-1, we studied the cellular expression of ICAM-1, as well as two other IFN-gamma-inducible antigens, (HLA) human lymphocyte antigens DR and DQ, in both normal and diseased skin. The modulation of these cell surface antigens by IFN-gamma and TNF with the use of short-term organ cultures of skin was compared with isolated keratinocytes grown in a conventional tissue culture system. While in normal skin, keratinocytes did not express HLA-DR, DQ, or ICAM-1, when organ cultures were supplemented with IFN-gamma, rapid induction of keratinocyte ICAM-1 expression occurred after 24 hours; HLA-DR but not DQ expression occurred after 48 hours. TNF also induced keratinocyte ICAM-1 expression (although to a lesser degree than IFN-gamma) but did not induce either keratinocyte HLA-DR or DQ expression. There was good correlation of keratinocyte expression of ICAM-1 and HLA-DR by IFN-gamma and TNF when the epidermis of the organ culture system was compared with the isolated keratinocytes grown in tissue culture. The presence of intraepidermal lymphocytes correlated extremely well with keratinocyte ICAM-1 expression but not with keratinocyte HLA-DR expression in psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, lichen planus, and mycosis fungoides. The intensity of endothelial cell expression of ICAM-1 correlated with the degree of dermal inflammation. We conclude that IFN-gamma, once produced by activated T lymphocytes in the dermis, may be of importance in lymphocyte trafficking in the epidermis by the induction of keratinocyte ICAM-1 expression. The use of the short-term organ culture system, in which there is inducible ICAM-1 expression, provides an experimental bridge between purely in vitro and in vivo investigations to further our understanding of the molecular basis for lymphocyte apposition to keratinocytes in the skin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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