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Science. 2014 Jun 27;344(6191):1492-6. doi: 10.1126/science.1242072.

Machine learning. Clustering by fast search and find of density peaks.

Author information

1
SISSA (Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati), via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste, Italy.

Abstract

Cluster analysis is aimed at classifying elements into categories on the basis of their similarity. Its applications range from astronomy to bioinformatics, bibliometrics, and pattern recognition. We propose an approach based on the idea that cluster centers are characterized by a higher density than their neighbors and by a relatively large distance from points with higher densities. This idea forms the basis of a clustering procedure in which the number of clusters arises intuitively, outliers are automatically spotted and excluded from the analysis, and clusters are recognized regardless of their shape and of the dimensionality of the space in which they are embedded. We demonstrate the power of the algorithm on several test cases.

PMID:
24970081
DOI:
10.1126/science.1242072
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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