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J Bioinform Comput Biol. 2014 Jun;12(3):1471002. doi: 10.1142/S0219720014710024. Epub 2014 Jun 5.

Unix interfaces, Kleisli, bucandin structure, etc. -- the heroic beginning of bioinformatics in Singapore.

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Bioinformatics Institute (BII), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 30 Biopolis Street, #07-01, Matrix, Singapore 138671, Singapore , Department of Biological Sciences (DBS), National University of Singapore (NUS), 8 Medical Drive, Singapore 117597, Singapore , School of Computer Engineering (SCE), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), 50 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637553, Singapore.


Remarkably, Singapore as one of today's hotspots for bioinformatics and computational biology research appeared de novo out of pioneering efforts of engaged local individuals in the early 90-s that, supported with increasing public funds from 1996 on, morphed into the present vibrant research community. This article brings to mind the pioneers, their first successes and early institutional developments.


Bioinformatics; Fve; GCG; Kleisli; NLP; Singapore; acute lymphoblastic leukemia; bucandin; geneticXchange; immunoinformatics; molecular connections

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