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Contemp Clin Trials. 2014 Jul;38(2):397-408. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2014.06.012. Epub 2014 Jun 24.

B.A.I.L.A. - a Latin dance randomized controlled trial for older Spanish-speaking Latinos: rationale, design, and methods.

Author information

1
University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, 1919 W. Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612, United States; University of Illinois at Chicago, Institute for Health Research and Policy, Center for Research on Health and Aging, 1747 West Roosevelt Road, Chicago, IL 60608, United States. Electronic address: marquezd@uic.edu.
2
Rush University, College of Nursing, 600 S. Paulina, 1062B, Chicago, IL 60612, United States.
3
University of Illinois at Chicago, Institute for Health Research and Policy, Center for Research on Health and Aging, 1747 West Roosevelt Road, Chicago, IL 60608, United States.
4
University of Illinois at Chicago, Institute for Health Research and Policy, Methodology Research Core, 1747 West Roosevelt Road, Chicago, IL 60608, United States.
5
Rush University Medical Center, Departments of Neurological Sciences and Behavioral Sciences, Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center, 600 South Paulina Street, Suite 1038, Chicago, IL 60612, United States.
6
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, 906 S. Goodwin Ave., Urbana, IL 61801, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Physical activity (PA) has documented health benefits, but older Latinos are less likely to engage in leisure time PA than older non-Latino whites. Dance holds a promise as a culturally appropriate form of PA that challenges individuals physically and cognitively. This paper describes a randomized controlled trial that will test the efficacy of BAILAMOS, a 4-month Latin dance program followed by a 4-month maintenance program, for improving lifestyle PA and health outcomes.

METHODS:

Older adults (n=332), aged 55+, Latino/Hispanic, Spanish speaking, with low PA levels, and at risk for disability will be randomized to one of two programs, a dance program or health education control group. BAILAMOS is a 4-month program that meets two times per week for one 1h per session. Dance sessions focus on instruction, including four styles of dance, and couples dancing. Bi-monthly Fiestas de Baile (dance parties) are also included, in which participants dance and practice what they have learned. Monthly 1-hour discussion sessions utilize a Social Cognitive framework and focus on knowledge, social support, and self-efficacy to increase lifestyle PA. The health education control group will meet one time per week for two 2h per session.

OUTCOMES:

Primary outcomes including PA changes and secondary outcomes including self-efficacy, physical function, cognitive function, and disability will be assessed at baseline, 4, and 8 months. It is hypothesized that PA, self-efficacy, physical function, cognitive function, and functional limitations and disability scores will be significantly better in the BAILAMOS group at 4 and 8 months compared to the control group.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Latin dance; Latino; Older adults; Physical activity

PMID:
24969395
PMCID:
PMC4123962
DOI:
10.1016/j.cct.2014.06.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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