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ISRN Orthop. 2014 Feb 9;2014:726103. doi: 10.1155/2014/726103. eCollection 2014.

Brachial plexus injuries in adults: evaluation and diagnostic approach.

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First Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Athens University Medical School, Attikon University General Hospital, Chaidari, 124 62 Athens, Greece.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, General Hospital of Levadia, 32100, Levadia, Greece.


The increased incidence of motor vehicle accidents during the past century has been associated with a significant increase in brachial plexus injuries. New imaging studies are currently available for the evaluation of brachial plexus injuries. Myelography, CT myelography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are indicated in the evaluation of brachial plexus. Moreover, a series of specialized electrodiagnostic and nerve conduction studies in association with the clinical findings during the neurologic examination can provide information regarding the location of the lesion, the severity of trauma, and expected clinical outcome. Improvements in diagnostic approaches and microsurgical techniques have dramatically changed the prognosis and functional outcome of these types of injuries.

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