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Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2014 Sep;12(3):313-8. doi: 10.1007/s11914-014-0224-1.

Fractures in children with cerebral palsy.

Author information

1
Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9WL, UK, zulf.mughal@cmft.nhs.uk.

Abstract

Children with moderate to severe cerebral palsy are at increased risk of sustaining fracture following minimal trauma. Such fractures predominantly occur in lower limb bones and are associated with low bone mineral density. Risk factors for fracture in this group include nonambulatory status, anticonvulsant use, presence of a joint contractures, immobilization after surgery, and poor nutrition. Aims of this review are to describe the prevalence and pathogenesis of fractures in nonambulant children with cerebral palsy. Interventions and treatments that improve low bone mineral density and which may help to reduce the fracture risk in this population are also discussed.

PMID:
24964775
DOI:
10.1007/s11914-014-0224-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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