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Int Orthop. 2014 Sep;38(9):1877-84. doi: 10.1007/s00264-014-2412-0. Epub 2014 Jun 25.

Nanobiotechnology and bone regeneration: a mini-review.

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1
Department of Traumatology, General Hospital Pula, Pula, Croatia.

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to review current developments in bone tissue engineering, with special focus on the promising role of nanobiotechnology. This unique fusion between nanotechnology and biotechnology offers unprecedented possibilities in studying and modulating biological processes on a molecular and atomic scale. First we discuss the multiscale hierarchical structure of bone and its implication on the design of new scaffolds and delivery systems. Then we briefly present different types of nanostructured scaffolds, and finally we conclude with nanoparticle delivery systems and their potential use in promoting bone regeneration. This review is not meant to be exhaustive and comprehensive, but aims to highlight concepts and key advances in the field of nanobiotechnology and bone regeneration.

PMID:
24962293
DOI:
10.1007/s00264-014-2412-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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