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Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2014 May 7;5. doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v5.24066. eCollection 2014.

Accelerated Resolution Therapy for treatment of pain secondary to symptoms of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.

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College of Nursing, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
Western New England University, Springfield, MA, USA.
Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA ; Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Physiology, Center for Preclinical/Clinical Research on PTSD, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
PieWiseLiving, LLC, Tampa, FL, USA.
Pasco County Veterans Service Office, Port Richey, FL, USA.



As many as 70% of veterans with chronic pain treated within the US Veterans Administration (VA) system may have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and conversely, up to 80% of those with PTSD may have pain. We describe pain experienced by US service members and veterans with symptoms of PTSD, and report on the effect of Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART), a new, brief exposure-based therapy, on acute pain reduction secondary to treatment of symptoms of PTSD.


A randomized controlled trial of ART versus an attention control (AC) regimen was conducted among 45 US service members/veterans with symptoms of combat-related PTSD. Participants received a mean of 3.7 sessions of ART.


Mean age was 41.0 + 12.4 years and 20% were female. Most veterans (93%) reported pain. The majority (78%) used descriptive terms indicative of neuropathic pain, with 29% reporting symptoms of a concussion or feeling dazed. Mean pre-/post-change on the Pain Outcomes Questionnaire (POQ) was -16.9±16.6 in the ART group versus -0.7±14.2 in the AC group (p=0.0006). Among POQ subscales, treatment effects with ART were reported for pain intensity (effect size = 1.81, p=0.006), pain-related impairment in mobility (effect size = 0.69, p=0.01), and negative affect (effect size = 1.01, p=0.001).


Veterans with symptoms of combat-related PTSD have a high prevalence of significant pain, including neuropathic pain. Brief treatment of symptoms of combat-related PTSD among veterans by use of ART appears to acutely reduce concomitant pain.


PTSD; Psychological trauma; clinical trials; combat; exposure therapy; eye movements; imagery rescripting; pain; prevalence; psychotherapy

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