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J Cell Biol. 2014 Jun 23;205(6):811-27. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201311007.

SIVA1 directs the E3 ubiquitin ligase RAD18 for PCNA monoubiquitination.

Author information

1
Life Sciences Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China.
2
Department of Anatomy and Center for Cancer Research, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China Department of Anatomy and Center for Cancer Research, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
3
Life Sciences Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China jhuang@zju.edu.cn.

Abstract

Translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) is a universal DNA damage tolerance mechanism conserved from yeast to mammals. A key event in the regulation of TLS is the monoubiquitination of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Extensive evidence indicates that the RAD6-RAD18 ubiquitin-conjugating/ligase complex specifically monoubiquitinates PCNA and regulates TLS repair. However, the mechanism by which the RAD6-RAD18 complex is targeted to PCNA has remained elusive. In this study, we used an affinity purification approach to isolate the PCNA-containing complex and have identified SIVA1 as a critical regulator of PCNA monoubiquitination. We show that SIVA1 constitutively interacts with PCNA via a highly conserved PCNA-interacting peptide motif. Knockdown of SIVA1 compromised RAD18-dependent PCNA monoubiquitination and Polη focus formation, leading to elevated ultraviolet sensitivity and mutation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that SIVA1 interacts with RAD18 and serves as a molecular bridge between RAD18 and PCNA, thus targeting the E3 ligase activity of RAD18 onto PCNA. Collectively, our results provide evidence that the RAD18 E3 ligase requires an accessory protein for binding to its substrate PCNA.

PMID:
24958773
PMCID:
PMC4068132
DOI:
10.1083/jcb.201311007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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