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J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2015 Jul;70(4):619-27. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbu077. Epub 2014 Jun 23.

Identifying naturally occurring retirement communities: a spatial analysis.

Author information

1
Center for Gerontology and Healthcare Research, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island. Maricruz_Rivera-Hernandez@Brown.edu.
2
Department of Sociology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.
3
Department of Sociology & Gerontology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Guided by the concept of "aging in place" and potential policy implications, the study analyzed naturally occurring retirement communities (NORCs; 40% or greater house owners and renters aged 65 years and older) and whether there were spatiotemporal patterns in Ohio between 2000 and 2010.

METHOD:

Data were derived from the 2000 and 2010 census tracts. Geovisualization was used to visually examine the distribution of NORCs in 2000 and 2010. Global Moran's I was used to quantify the spatial distribution of NORCs in Ohio and Local Moran's I was used to identify clusters of NORCs (i.e., hot spots).

RESULTS:

The number of NORCs slightly decreased despite the overall increase of the older population from 2000 to 2010. NORCs were identified in one of the 3 most populous counties (i.e., Cuyahoga) and its neighboring counties. A number of hot spots were identified in Cuyahoga County (among Ohio's most populous and NORC-rich counties), both in 2000 and 2010. There were different patterns including emerging, disappearing, and enduring NORCs and disproportionate distributions of NORCs across the state between 2000 and 2010.

DISCUSSION:

Locating NORCs could aid governments to create "aging in place" sensitive policies to address issues of independence, social care, health care, volunteerism, and community participation.

KEYWORDS:

Aging in place; Geographic information systems; Housing; Naturally occurring retirement communities; Population aging; Spatial analysis.

PMID:
24958694
PMCID:
PMC4786298
DOI:
10.1093/geronb/gbu077
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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